Role of Women In "Chronicle of a Death Foretold" - Shreya Sachdev
Chronicle of a Death Foretold
Chronicle of a Death Foretold Characters / Chronicle of a Death Foretold Themes / Gabriel Garcia Marquez Chronicle of a Death Foretold / Chronicle of a Death Foretold Analysis
The role of women in Chronicle of a Death Foretold is a key topic of debate in the novella. The three women that will be focused on in this post will be Angela Vicario, Clotilde Armenta and Luis Santiago. I consider Angela Vicario to be the most progressive of the three. On page 95, we learn that she starts writing letters to Bayardo San Román and ends up writing 2000 letters over the course of eighteen years. Despite the fact that refusing to let go can be interpreted as a sign of weakness, I consider it to be more of a sign of courage and perseverance. The fact that she continued to write letters with no response for years tells the readers that she is capable of acknowledging what she really wants in life and being patient enough to receive it. Angela Vicario is not a stereotypical representation of women in Latin American culture since she is portrayed as strong and independent.
Clotilde Armenta, on the other hand, is portrayed as a stereotypical woman in Latin American culture. On page 55, we see that she is worried about Santiago Nasar and expresses her concern to her husband about the Vicario brothers. However, her husband simply replies with “Don’t be silly” which shows us that her husband considers her feelings and worries to be unimportant. After hearing her husband’s reply, Clotilde Armenta does not take action, even though she is certain Santiago Nasar is not safe. She decides to put her husband’s thoughts over her own values and opinions. Luisa Santiago, however, challenges the traditional role of women in this culture because when she finds out that Santiago Nasar’s life is in danger, she immediately stops everything she is doing to try and find him. Luisa Santiago is the only female character in the novella whose decisions are not influenced by a man. Nevertheless, if she was married, it is possible that her actions could be different.
After analysing these women, I have come to realize that most women in Chronicle of a Death Foretold are stereotypical and it is the norm for these women to be considered inferior to their male counterparts. Both male and female characters are so used to living this way of life---the male being dominant and the woman being submissive ---both male and female do not question this routine. These are the cultural expectations in the context of the novel.